How to Break into Tech

May 26, 2024

Breaking into the tech industry can seem daunting, especially if you’re coming from a non-technical background. However, with the right approach and resources, you can successfully transition into this dynamic and lucrative field. Here’s a comprehensive guide to help you get started.

1. Identify Your Interest and Set Clear Goals

The tech industry is vast, encompassing roles like software development, data science, cybersecurity, product management, and more. Start by identifying which area interests you the most. Research different roles, their responsibilities, and growth prospects. Setting clear, achievable goals will give your learning process direction and purpose.

2. Learn the Basics

No matter which area you choose, a solid understanding of basic tech concepts is crucial. Here are a few steps to get you started:

  • Programming Languages: Learn at least one programming language. Python is a great choice for beginners due to its readability and versatility.

  • Computer Science Fundamentals: Understand algorithms, data structures, and basic software engineering principles. Websites like Coursera, edX, and Khan Academy offer excellent courses.

  • Web Development: Even if you don’t want to become a web developer, understanding how the web works (HTML, CSS, JavaScript) is valuable.

3. Take Advantage of Online Learning Platforms

There are countless resources available online, both free and paid, to help you acquire the skills needed for a tech career. Some popular platforms include:

  • Codecademy: Offers interactive coding classes in various programming languages.

  • Udemy: Features a wide range of courses on everything from programming to cloud computing.

  • Coursera: Provides courses from top universities and companies. Many offer certifications.

  • edX: Similar to Coursera, offering courses from universities like Harvard and MIT.

4. Work on Real Projects

Applying what you’ve learned through real-world projects is essential. Start with small projects that interest you, and gradually tackle more complex ones. Platforms like GitHub allow you to share your projects, collaborate with others, and build a portfolio that showcases your skills to potential employers.

5. Join a Coding Bootcamp

Coding bootcamps are intensive, short-term training programs designed to teach you the skills needed to land a job in tech. They are particularly useful if you want to transition quickly. Popular bootcamps include General Assembly, Flatiron School, and Le Wagon. Ensure the bootcamp you choose aligns with your career goals and offers job placement support.

6. Network and Engage with the Tech Community

Networking is crucial in any industry, and tech is no exception. Attend meetups, join online communities (such as Stack Overflow, Reddit, and LinkedIn groups), and participate in hackathons. Engaging with the tech community can provide support, mentorship, and job opportunities.

7. Gain Experience through Internships and Freelance Work

Internships, even unpaid ones, provide valuable experience and can lead to full-time positions. Websites like Internshala, AngelList, and Glassdoor list numerous tech internships. Freelancing is another great way to gain experience and build a portfolio. Platforms like Upwork and Fiverr connect freelancers with clients needing tech services.

8. Prepare for Interviews

Technical interviews can be challenging, often involving coding tests and problem-solving tasks. Resources like LeetCode, HackerRank, and Cracking the Coding Interview can help you prepare. Practice solving problems, understand common algorithms, and be ready to explain your thought process.

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9. Consider a Formal Education

While not always necessary, a degree in computer science or a related field can be beneficial. Many universities offer online degrees or certificates that can be pursued while working. Evaluate if this investment aligns with your career goals and financial situation.

10. Stay Up-to-Date with Industry Trends

The tech industry evolves rapidly. Stay informed about the latest trends, technologies, and best practices through blogs, podcasts, webinars, and online courses. Subscribing to tech news websites like TechCrunch, Wired, and The Verge can keep you updated.


In conclusion, breaking into tech requires dedication, continuous learning, and resilience. By setting clear goals, leveraging online resources, building a portfolio, networking, and staying current with industry trends, you can successfully transition into a tech career. Remember, everyone’s journey is unique—embrace your path and enjoy the learning process. Good luck!